“MA.U.A” is the abbreviation which stands for Maji Usafi wa Mazingira na Afya, which in English stands for Water Hygiene and Sanitation (WASH).
The MA.U.A program (WASH Program) implements the provision of water and hygiene services with IDYDC’s micro-credit scheme through local WASH entrepreneurs. According to the Tanzania water policy (2002), the community has to contribute at least partially to the water services in order to allow the sustainability of the services. IDYDC has therefore decided to combine these two programs to help those with low income to have access to water services on a credit basis. These contributions revolves to other who are in need and automatically makes the service to be sustainable.
For example, these people are low cost pumps manufacturers, well drillers and water filters distributors.
The program has therefore been tailored in such a way that the community itself can decide, access and own the WASH services in a sustainably with minimum monetary and technical support from the organization.
FUNDING AND MANAGEMENT
MA.U.A Program is run under IDYDC’s environment department and funded by USAID through WINROCK International iWASH Program (Tanzania).
BACKGROUND AND INTERVENTIONS
Initially the program started in September 2011 by conducting a scoping study in Ifunda ward –Iringa DC. The aim was to get the overall picture of the social, economic, demographic and environmental challenges of the project area before interventions.
The approach applied has combined the micro-credit system in WASH services delivery, it was a quite a new approach. In this system the community is supposed to contribute for water services by paying installments in the period of 12 months, contribution for water services has been insisted in the Tanzania water policy of 2004 the aim is to ensure the sustainability and sense of ownership. Therefore in order to test the project approach, Ifunda ward has been selected as a project pilot area.
After observing some success in Ifunda ward, the program expanded its activities in the region of Iringa. However, Iringa rural and Kilolo districts are the only ones which have benefited from the program up to date.
Regarding this background, the program is therefore dealing with the following activities:
• Water supply in rural and urban areas of Iringa by using low cost well drilling and installing low cost pumps known as rope pumps.
• Supplying domestic water treatment equipment known as “Tulip water filter” to make sure that the water supplied to the community is clean and safe for drinking.
- Educating the community on water, hygiene, sanitation and environmental issues in general. This education is usually provided through village awareness meetings and radio sessions through IDYDC’s community radio NURU FM. This is done especially in rural areas where the project is much intervened.
• Facilitating entrepreneurs who are interested on making and supplying “WASH’ related products and services such as rope pumps, tulip water filters and drilled wells. These have been supported by providing initial capitals to them to start-up. Up to the now the program has supported more than 20 low cost drillers and formed 4 drilling teams with full set of drilling tools each. Four welders have thus been provided with pump making skills: two workshops in Iringa urban continue making and selling pumps.
PROJECT OUTCOME AND WAY FOWARD
As a result of the above interventions the following outcomes has been realized:
• 25 wells has been drilled and installed with rope pumps in KILOLO, IRINGA DC and IRINGA MUNICIPAL.
• 4 drilling teams have been formed and continue drilling activities privately.
• More than 50 pumps have been produced by trained welders and sold in and outside Iringa, 2 workshops at Iringa Municipal are continuing with rope pumps manufacturing and selling privately.
• More than 80 Tulip water filters have been distributed/sold in different parts of Iringa and outside Iringa region.
• 7 private shops have been identified and provided with initial capital to sell these filters.
• More than 4000 people are benefiting from safe and clean water as a result of wells drilled/pumps sold by the program.
• Employment opportunities for well drillers, pump manufacturers and filter distributors.
So far the program has been implemented for 20 months (with funding), this covers the period between March 2012-October 2013. However the program funding is expected to be resigned in April 2014 for another two years project extension.